Introduction to Explosive Ordnance Disposal
Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) is the detection, identification, evaluation, rendering safe, recovery and disposal of Explosive Ordnance (EO). EO includes all munitions containing explosives, nuclear fission or fusion materials and biological and chemical agents. This includes bombs and warheads; guided and ballistic missiles; artillery, mortar, rocket and small arms ammunition; all mines, torpedoes and depth charges; pyrotechnics; clusters and dispensers; cartridge and propellant actuated devices; electro-explosive devices; clandestine and improvised explosive devices; and all similar or related items or components explosive in nature.
EOD may be undertaken:
Training Programme Outline
The EOD training programme is prepared according to the European Committee for Standardization Workshop Agreement for EOD Competency Standards (CWA 15464: 2005). The EOD level 4 specialization training on de-militarization will be implemented in accordance with the OSCE Handbook of Best Practices on Conventional Ammunition and the United Nations International Ammunition Technical Guidelines (IATG).
The EOD training programme includes altogether five consecutive courses beginning with the EOD Level 1 and ending with two specializations in EOD Level 4. The trainings are provided in two language modalities, namely for Russian and for Tajik / Dari speaking groups of participants. General description and objectives of the trainings is provided below.
|LEVEL||GENERAL DESCRIPTION / OBJECTIVES OF THE TRAINING|
|EOD - Level 1||Level One operators are competent to locate, identify and destroy under appropriate supervision, single items in-situ on which they have been specifically trained.|
|EOD - Level 2||Level Two operators are competent to locate, identify, move, transport and destroy multiple items on which they have been specifically trained.|
|EOD - Level 3||Level Three operators are competent to conduct render-safe procedures and final disposal of any type of explosive ordnance with the exception of specializations listed under level four.|
|EOD - Level 4 (specialization 1)||Level Four operators, within the ICExH EOD training programme, are competent to carry out specialist tasks in the demilitarization of Explosives Ordnance.|
|EOD - Level 4 (specialization 2)||Level Four operators, within the ICExH EOD training programme, are competent to carry out specialist tasks in the Improvised Explosive Devices Disposal (IEDD).|
Training Programme Aim and Objectives
The EOD training programme aims to enhance national capacities in EOD operations for the interested OSCE pS in Central Asia, including Afghanistan in accordance with international standards.
Specific objectives of EOD training programme:
Training Programme Target Group
The target group of the training programme is relevant professionals / experts with career paths in military engineering and/or ammunition management (EOD and ammunition technician’s specializations) from the interested states in Central Asia and Afghanistan serving in the military and security sector as well as serving in national humanitarian Mine Action institutions.
The targeted institutions are relevant departments / units within the national authorities such as Ministries of Defence, Border Troops, Ministries of Internal Affairs, Ministries / Agencies of Emergency Situations as well as National Mine Action Centres.
The training courses will be delivered by qualified and recognized training institutions and/or professionals with certified EOD, EO demilitarization and (C-IEDD training programmes in accordance with the CEN Workshop Agreement for EOD Competency Standards, IATG or other relevant international standards in partnership with the OSCE OiT. The latter will supplement the training institution(s) by its own training capability if needed.
The training courses are carried out at the premises of the MoD of Tajikistan, namely the Engineering-Maintenance Regiment in Dushanbe and the Field training centre of the Military Institute in Lyaur.