Introduction to Explosive Ordnance Disposal

Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) is the detection, identification, evaluation, rendering safe, recovery and disposal of Explosive Ordnance (EO). EO includes all munitions containing explosives, nuclear fission or fusion materials and biological and chemical agents. This includes bombs and warheads; guided and ballistic missiles; artillery, mortar, rocket and small arms ammunition; all mines, torpedoes and depth charges; pyrotechnics; clusters and dispensers; cartridge and propellant actuated devices; electro-explosive devices; clandestine and improvised explosive devices; and all similar or related items or components explosive in nature.

EOD may be undertaken:

  • To dispose of EO which has become hazardous by deterioration, damage or attempted destruction;
  • To dispose of Unexploded Ordnance (UXO), Abandoned Ordnance (AxO) as well as improvised and other explosive devices (IED).

Training Programme Outline

The EOD training programme is prepared according to the European Committee for Standardization Workshop Agreement for EOD Competency Standards (CWA 15464: 2005). The EOD level 3+ specialization training on de-militarisation will be implemented in accordance with the OSCE Handbook of Best Practices on Conventional Ammunition and the United Nations International Ammunition Technical Guidelines (IATG).

The EOD training programme includes altogether six consecutive courses beginning with the EOD Level 1 and ending with three specializations in EOD Level 3+. The trainings are provided in two language modalities, namely for Russian and for Tajik/Dari speaking groups of participants. General description and objectives of the trainings is given below.

EOD - Level 1 Level One operators are competent to locate, identify and destroy under appropriate supervision, single items in-situ on which they have been specifically trained.
EOD - Level 2 Level Two operators are competent to locate, identify, move, transport and destroy multiple items on which they have been specifically trained.
EOD - Level 3 Level Three operators are competent to conduct render-safe procedures and final disposal of any type of explosive ordnance with the exception of specializations listed under level four.
EOD - Level 3+ (specialization 1) Level Three+ operators, within the ICExH EOD training programme, are competent to carry out specialist tasks in the demilitarisation of Explosives Ordnance.
EOD - Level 3+ (specialization 2) Level Three+ operators, within the ICExH EOD training programme, are competent to carry out specialist tasks in the Improvised Explosive Devices Disposal (IED-D). The potential candidates must have certificates of completion of Introduction to Improvised Explosive Devices (I-IED) and Counter Improvised Explosive Devices (C-IED) courses in order to participate at this EOD L3+ Course.
EOD - Level 3+ (specialization 3) Level Three+ operators, within the ICExH EOD training programme, are competent to carry out specialist tasks in the Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosive materials (CBRNE)

Training Programme Aim and Objectives

The EOD training programme aims to enhance national capacities in EOD operations for the interested OSCE pS in Central Asia, including Afghanistan in accordance with the international standards.

Specific objectives of EOD training programme:

  • To increase common understanding of EOD, international standards and operating procedures, as well as specializations;
  • To increase the competency of the professionals / staff in EOD operations through executing comprehensive training programme on a multi-lateral level;
  • To increase the national institutional capacities in EOD by: a) developing and handing over the EOD training programmes/curricula and materials, to include standards, and b) developing the national trainers in EOD;
  • To contribute to professionalization of EOD services provided by military and other governmental agencies.

Training Programme Target Group

The target group of the training programme is relevant professionals / experts with career paths in military engineering and/or ammunition management (EOD and ammunition technician’s specializations) from the interested states in Central Asia and Afghanistan serving in the military and security sector as well as serving in national humanitarian Mine Action institutions.

The targeted institutions are relevant departments/units within the national authorities such as OSCE CA FO and all other OSCE Offices, Ministries of Defence, Border Troops, Ministries of Internal Affairs, Ministries / Agencies of Emergency Situations, National Mine Action Centres, NGOs and INGOs.

Training Institutions

The training courses are delivered by qualified and recognised training institutions and/or professionals with certified EOD, EO demilitarization and (C-IEDD training programmes in accordance with the CEN Workshop Agreement for EOD Competency Standards, IATG or other relevant international standards) in partnership with the OSCE POiD. The latter will supplement the training institution(s) by its own training capability if needed.

Training venues

The training courses are carried out at the premises of the OSCE POiD and the MoD of Tajikistan, namely the Field training centre of the Military Institute in Lyaur and Chimteppa.

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